Technology must go hand in hand with working protocols in order to reach a particular outcome. For this reason we developed some technics to improve irrigation management.
These techniques are complementary and their use in a singular project allows a greater irrigation management optimization.
Some of the mentioned techniques have been developed jointly with other companies within the framework of the Ech2o System project.
Enter each method to know more:+
Soil moisture management +
It allows a continuous monitoring of the irrigation. The soil moisture management usually includes instruments (several soil moisture sensors, a flow meter, a datalogger that stores the data and send it remotely), equipment installation and maintenance, and periodic reports with irrigation advices.
- It makes sure that the crop has enough water (avoid water stress).
- It decreases water costs, energy and fertilizer (avoiding deep percolation losses).
- It avoids water loggings that increase plant protection issues and roots damages.
- It detects possible irrigation breakdown or failure throughout the season.
- It gets more information about the crop behavior.
Soil solution management +
It consists on comparing the composition of the fertilizing solution (when fertirrigation is used) and the soil solution at different depths. The soil solution management usually includes two wetting front detectors FullStopTM and a pan to sample the irrigation water, equipment installation and maintenance, and periodic reports about fertilization management.
- It controls the soil salinization process.
- It ensures fertilizer availability for the crop.
- It avoids fertilizer waste.
- It avoids groundwater contamination.
Water balance +
The hydric balance is useful to compare theoretical crop needs with the consumed water detected by the humidity probes. This technique requires a weather station installation in order to estimate the Reference Evapotranspiration of the crop. It can be related with the “soil moisture management” technique to compare theoretical crop need with the irrigation.
- It compares theoretical water needs at different time of the year.
- It compares climatic conditions in different campaigns.
- It gets onsite climatic data (air temperature, air humidity, radiation, wind).
Assessing irrigation practices +
Through the use of simple, quantifiable and objective indicators it is possible to estimate the irrigation efficiency in a farm. The irrigation practices assessment is related to the soil moisture management and to the soil solution management according to the indicator you want to work with. A periodic report is produced to evaluate the irrigation practices and determine its efficiency based on the information obtained with the installed devices.
- It assesses the optimization level of irrigation management.
- It assesses the environmental sustainability of irrigation practices.
- It assesses the improvement throughout several campaigns.
Pilot farm to optimize irrigation +
This technic consists in comparing an optimized irrigation schedule on a small plot with the regular farm’s irrigation practicein-situ and in real time. The pilot farm needs an independent programmer that will operate on a part of the irrigation network and whose scheduling is carried out by our technicians. Moisture (and eventually soil solution) monitoring are required in both treatment.
- It applies innovative irrigation strategies without assuming risks over a whole irrigation sector.
- It compares different irrigation strategies within the same campaign and measure directly the impact on the harvest (quality and yield).
Advanced support for agroclimatic data interpretation +
Periodical meetings are organized to support data interpretation. It is a complementary support for “advanced” users who have a previous knowledge in the use of agro-climatic monitoring technologies. This advanced support does not include periodic reports, since the user has a good level of comprehension to analyze the data. It can be related to all technologies and technics previously commented.
- It gets an external vision about the monitoring performed.
- It gets an expert level in the use of the technology.
- It links the agro-climatic information with other technics aspects of the farm management.